Urine Infection

Urine Infection (UTI)

What are UTIs?

Urine infections (also known as UTIs or cystitis) are very common in women, where 50% of women will have one in their lifetime. They are caused by bacteria (bugs) in the urine and are easily treated with antibiotics.

What are the symptoms?

  • – Needing to pass urine urgently and more often.
  • – Burning or stinging feeling when you urinate.
  • – Blood in the urine.
  • – Discomfort in your lower abdomen.
  • – Feeling generally unwell and tired, with a fever.

Why did I get this?

  • Women have shorter bladder entrances than men, so are more likely for bacteria to travel into the bladder. Other reasons are:
  • – Being a Diabetic.
  • – Pregnancy.
  • – Being sexually active.
  • – Using spermicide with contraception.
  • – Having gone through menopause.
  • – Having a catheter in your bladder.
  • – Having abnormalities in your kidneys, bladder or urinary system.
  • – Having a suppressed immune system.

Possible complications

Sometimes the infection can spread up the urinary system, infecting the kidneys. The symptoms for this include high fever with shaking, back pain and urinary symptoms. If you have these symptoms you must see a doctor for blood tests and IV antibiotic treatment.

Treatments

UTI antibiotic treatments are very fast and effective. We prescribe Trimethoprim once daily for 3-5 days or an alternative antibiotic if you are allergic to Trimethoprim.

Not taking any treatment may be an option if symptoms are very mild as your immune system can often clear the infection. However, symptoms can sometimes last for a week or so if you do not take antibiotics. If you have other illnesses or are pregnant you should get treatment.

If the antibiotic treatment does not improve your symptoms you should see a doctor for a urine test and examination.

Trimethoprim

To get Antibiotic treatment: